Canada Class Dreadnought Battleship

World War 1 Naval Combat

World War 1 Naval Combat

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HMS Canada HMS Canada.  The main distinguishing features being the tall flat funnels and the tall crane derrick between them.  The original bridge was replaced when the British bought the ship although in general very little work was needed to integrate her into the British fleet.

HMS Canada
Built Armstrong, laid down December 1911, completed November 1915, cost estimated 2,500,000.

Size:
Length 654 feet 10 inch waterline 661 feet overall, beam 92 feet, draught 29feet 6inches (normal), displacement 26,968 tons light 32,188 tons deep

Propulsion:
4 shaft Parsons/Brown Curtis turbines, 37,000 shp, 22kts

Trials:    52,682 shp = 24.3 knots

Armour:
9-4in belt, 10-6in barbettes, 10in turret faces, 4-1in decks

Armament:
10 x 14in 45cal MK I (5 x 2), 16 x 6in (16 x 1), 4 x 3 pounder (6 x 1), 2 x 3in (2 x 1), 4 x 21in TT

Comments:
Originally ordered for Chile as Almirante Latorre the ship was purchased from Chile in September 1914 and renamed Canada.  A sister ship Almirante Cochrane was also ordered but less far advanced when the war started and was eventually purchased and completed as the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle.  The 14 inch guns of the main armament were similar in performance to the Royal Navy 13.5 inch gun.  Like Agincourt she was faster than the equivalent royal Navy ships but with inferior protection. Crew 1,167.

World War 1 Service:
October 1915 joined 4th Battle Squadron Grand Fleet.
Present at the Battle of Jutland 1916. Fired 42 14in rounds and received no damage.
12 June transferred to 1st Battle Squadron.
April 1920 re-purchased by Chile.
1959 Sold for scrap.

HMS Canada was re-purchased for 1 000,000 - less than half her original cost - by the Chilean navy in 1920 and reverted to her original name.  In 1951 she suffered an engine room fire and spent the last few years of hr career inactive.. HMS Canada

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