Agincourt Class Dreadnought Battleship

World War 1 Naval Combat

World War 1 Naval Combat

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HMS Agincourt HMS Agincourt.  The longest British battleship of World War 1 she also had the distinction of carrying the most heavy gun turrets of any battleship ever, with seven centreline turrets.  Rather than the usual naming of turrets of A, B etc they were named after days of the week.

HMS Agincourt
Built by Armstrong, laid down September 1911, commissioned August 1914, cost estimated 2,900,000.

Size:
Length 668 feet waterline 671 feet 6inches overall, beam 89 feet, draught 29feet 10inches (mean deep), displacement 24,792 tons light 30,860 tons deep.

Propulsion:
4 shaft Parsons turbines, 34,000 shp, 22kts.

Trials:    40,129 shp = 22.42 knots

Armour:
9-4in belt, 9-2in barbettes, 12in turret faces, 2.5-1in decks.

Armament:
14 x 12in 45cal MK XIII (7 x 2), 20 x 6in (20 x 1), 10 x 3in (12 x 1), 3 x 21in TT.

Comments:
Originally ordered for Brazil as Rio de Janeiro but during construction the Brazilian government ran into financial difficulties and sold the ship to the Ottoman government and was renamed Sultan Osman I.  Ship was expropriated (seized) by the Royal Navy in August 1914 and renamed Agincourt.  Heavily armed with a record 14 main guns and a heavy secondary armament resulting in a long ship.  Speed was also slightly higher than normal but protection was poor.  Crew 1,109.

World War 1 Service:
25 August 1914 joined the 4th Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet.
Transferred to the 1st Battle Squadron 1915.
Present at the Battle of Jutland.  Fired 144 12in rounds and received no damage.
Transferred to the 2nd Battle Squadron in late 1918.
December 1922 sold for scrap.

HMS Agincourt in 1914.  The flying decks amidships were removed early in her career as were the torpedo nets.  It was thought by some critics that the ship could not fire a full broadside as the shock would severely damage her but she proved them wrong by firing broadsides at the Battle of Jutland without ill effect to herself. Agincourt

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